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HOW TO CUSTOMIZE & ADJUST LIGHTROOM PRESETS

One question that I get asked quite often from Lightroom preset users is “How can I adjust a preset, when its effect is too much?” or “Is there a way to lower the opacity of a preset?”

Today, I thought I would address this question in a blog post because there are several different ways to adjust your presets in Lightroom and the way you choose to adjust them may be different depending on the preset you apply.

Important Note: It is really hard to adjust a preset if you know very little about how Lightroom works.  This post will give you some tips, but if you are new to Lightroom, spend a little time playing around.

1. THE BASIC PANEL

Sometimes a preset isn’t really too much – it just didn’t apply to your photo exactly the way you want it. For instance, maybe it made your whole photo darker than you wanted it to be. Or maybe it made your photo a little too cool or warm for your liking.

The Basic Panel is your first resource for correcting these issues.  Preset effects are generally created on perfectly exposed photos.  If your photo is slightly underexposed a preset isn’t likely going to fix that – in fact, it might even make it worse.

Use the Exposure slider in the Basic Panel to brighten your photo if the preset you applied made it darker.

If the preset added a little too much coolness or warmth to your image, you can adjust the Temp slider in the Basic Panel to customize the color temperature of your photo.

Use the basic panel as your first stop as you try to adjust the effect of a preset on your photo.

2. THE TONE CURVE PANEL

The Tone Curve panel is used in presets to add more contrast and to add a matte effect to a photo. If you find the matte effect a preset adds to be a little too much, then move to the Tone Curve to adjust it.

The easiest way to make adjustments to a curve created by a preset is to click on the Point Curve.  To do that, click on the little box in the lower left of this panel. The same curve you saw before will appear, but there will be small circles all along the curve.

The Matte effect is typically created in the shadows of an image. So pulling down the few circles on the left-side of the curve is what will best help you decrease this effect.

The Tone Curve is also used to add contrast to an image.  A softer “S” curve is less contrast than a stronger “S” curve. You can adjust the curve by clicking directly on the curve and pulling it down or up.

You can also use the targeted adjustment tool (the small dot on the left upper-left of the tone curve) to click and drag on your image.

  • Clicking and dragging “up” will brighten areas with those tones.
  • Clicking and dragging “down” on the image will darken areas with those tones.

3. SPLIT TONING PANEL

The Split Toning Panel is generally used to add tones and color to an image.

  • The Highlights section sets the color tone you want to add to the highlights. The saturation slider determines how much of that color shows in the highlights.
  • The Shadows section sets the color tone you want to add to the shadows. The saturation slider determines how much of that color shows in the shadows.
  • The Balance slider determines which color will show more in the image.  If the slider is moved to the right the color in the highlights will show more.  If the slider is moved to the left the color in the shadows will show more.

If you think that the color added to the photo is a little more than you want, adjust the highlights and shadows saturation sliders down a little and see if that helps. And if you want the color to show more do the opposite – increase the saturation sliders.

4. ADJUSTMENT BRUSHES

Adjustment brushes are the easiest way to adjust smaller areas of the photo when the effect looks good almost everywhere, but not in a specific spot.

  • For instance, if you apply a preset and the photo looks good except your subject is too dark, you can use an adjustment brush to brighten your subject and leave the exposure in the rest of the photo alone.
  • Or, if the preset you add gives a cool tone to the image, but the coolness is too much for your subject, you can use a brush to add back a bit more warmth to your subject.

5. RADIAL FILTERS & GRADUATED FILTERS

Some Lightroom presets use filters to add contrast, color, exposure changes, sunrays, snow and many other changes to images. You can find out if a filter is being utilized in a preset by clicking on both filter tools (the radial filter and graduated filter are located on the right-side of the Develop Module just under the Histogram, in Desktop version). You can also look for filter pins (small gray dots on your image) that show where filters are making changes to the image.

If you find the preset filter changes to be too much for the image they are applied to, click on the filter to select it and then make changes to it using the filter panel.

You can also move the filter around on your image to adjust where the changes are being made by selecting the filter and then clicking and dragging it to the location that better suits your image.



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